eApplicationYou can now choose to join the Russian Toy Club of America through our online application.
2016 Specialty2016 RTCA National Specialty,
New Windsor, NJ. May 7, 2016.
2015 RTCA National Specialty, Houston, TX August 23rd 2015. Premium
2014 RTCA National Specialty, Oklahoma City, OK June 27th 2014.
2013 RTCA National Specialty. Louisville, KY. May 19th & 20th, 2013.
2012 RTCA National Specialty. Oklahoma City, OK. May 19 & 20, 2012.
Russian Toy Breed Standard
See, Watch, Learn and Enjoy our club educational Russian Toy Breed Slide Show based on the breed standard.
Below the slide show is the FCI Breed Standard.
RTV1Slideshow2013FCI ©RTCA Education Committee
More presentations from Forevr
|FCI Russian Toy Breed Standard|
TRANSLATION: RKF, revised by R. Triquet and J. Mulholland
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 21.02.2006
UTILIZATION: Companion Dog
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.: Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toys
Without Working Trial
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: At the beginning of the
20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy
dogs in Russia. However, in the period 1920 – 1950, the breeding of
pure toy terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to
a critical level. Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin
the revival of the breed. Practically all dogs that were used for breeding
had no pedigrees; many of them were not pure blood. The Standard drafted
for Toy Terriers significantly differed from that of the English Toy
Terrier in many aspects. From this moment, the evolution of the breed
in Russia went its own way.
On the 12th of October 1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs. It was decided to keep this feature.
The male was mated with a female, which also had slightly long hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier.
A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova, played an important role in the creation of this breed variant. It was during a long period of development, in an isolated context, along with a specifically conducted selection that a new breed was created: the Russian Toy with two varieties: longhaired and smooth-haired.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: A small elegant dog, lively, long-legged, with fine bone and lean muscles. Sexual dimorphism only slightly defined.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Square build. The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers; the chest is sufficiently deep.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor aggressive. The behavior is significantly different between males and females.
HEAD: Small compared to the body.
Skull: High but not too wide (width at the level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull).
Stop: Clearly pronounced
Nose: Small, black or matching the coat color.
Muzzle: Lean and pointed, slightly shorter than the skull
Lips: Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat color.
Jaws/Teeth: Small, white. Scissor bite. Absence of two incisors permitted in each jaw.
Cheekbones: Only slightly pronounced
Eyes: Quite large, rounded, dark, slightly prominent, set well apart and looking straight ahead. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat color, tightly fitting.
Ears: Big, thin, set high, erect.
NECK: Long, lean, carried high, slightly arched.
Topline: Gradually sloping from the withers to the root of the tail
Withers: Slightly pronounced
Back: Strong and straight
Loin: Short and slightly arched
Croup: The croup is somewhat rounded and slightly sloping
Chest: The chest is oval, sufficiently deep and not too wide
Underline and Belly: Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a nicely curved line from the chest to the flanks.
TAIL: Docked (only two or three vertebrae are left), carried high. In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, it is left in its natural state. Undocked: sickle tail. It should not be carried lower than back level.
FOREQUARTERS: Thin and lean, seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel.
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping.
Upper arm: Forming an angle of 105 degrees with the shoulder blade. The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of shoulder.
Elbows: In line with the body
Forearm: Long, straight
Carpus (Wrist): Lean
Metacarpus (Pastern): Almost vertical
Forefeet: Small, oval, turning neither in nor out. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails and resilient pads are black or match the coat color.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, but standing a little bit wider than the forelegs. Stifles and hocks are sufficiently bent.
Upper thigh: Muscles are lean and developed
Lower thigh: The upper and lower thighs are of the same length
Hock: Sufficiently angulated
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Vertical
Hind feet: Arched, a little bit narrower than forefeet. Nails and pads are black or match the coat color.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Easy, straightforward, fast. No noticeable change in the topline when moving.
SKIN: Thin, dry and tight fitting
HAIR: There exists two types for the breed: smooth-haired and longhaired.
Smooth-haired: short, close-lying, shiny hair, without undercoat or bald patches.
Longhaired: body is covered with moderately long (3-5 cm), straight or slightly wavy hair, close lying, which does not hide the natural outline of the body. Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and close -lying. Distinct feathers on rear side of limbs. The feet have long, silky hair, which completely hides the nails. Ears are covered with thick, long hair forming a fringe. Dogs of more than 3 years have such a fringe, which should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears. Body hair should not look tousled nor be too short (less than 2 cm.).
COLOUR: Black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan. Also red of any shade with or without black or brown overlay. Richer shades are preferable for all colors.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers: Dogs and bitches: 20 – 28 cm (tolerance +/- 1 cm)
Weight: Dogs and bitches: up to 3 kg
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Timid behavior
- Level bite or incisors sloping forward
- Semi-pricked ears. This condition in longhaired dogs with heavy fringes is permissible but not desirable.
- Low set tail.
- Presence of bald patches in smooth-haired dogs
- Too long or too short hair on body of longhaired dogs
- Small white spots on chest and toes
- Solid black, brown and blue colors. Tan markings too large or with dark shadings.
- Aggressive, overly shy
- Overshot, pronounced undershot. Absence of one canine; absence of more than two incisors in either jaw.
- Hanging ears
- Short legs
- Many bald patches in short-haired dogs
- Longhaired dogs: absence of fringes on ears and presence of curly hair
- White coat, white spots on the head, abdomen and above metacarpus, large white patches on chest and throat, presence of brindle markings.
- Size over 30 cm or under 18 cm
- Weight less than 1 kg
Any dogs clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.